Free Float Calculator

Free Float Calculator

A Free Float Calculator is a financial tool used to calculate the free float of a company’s shares. Free float, also known as the public float, refers to the portion of a company’s outstanding shares that is available for trading on the open market. It excludes shares held by company insiders, controlling shareholders, and other entities that are not typically traded by the general public.

The formula for calculating free float is as follows:

Free Float = Total Outstanding Shares – Shares Held by Insiders – Restricted Shares

  • Total Outstanding Shares: This represents the total number of a company’s shares issued and outstanding.

  • Shares Held by Insiders: This includes shares held by company officers, directors, and other individuals or entities with significant influence or control over the company. These shares are typically not available for trading on the open market.

  • Restricted Shares: These are shares that are subject to trading restrictions due to legal or contractual obligations. They may include shares held by employees under stock option plans, shares issued in private placements, or shares subject to lock-up agreements following an initial public offering (IPO).

The result of the calculation is the number of shares that are freely tradable by the general public and available for buying and selling on the stock exchange.

Free float is a critical concept for investors and analysts because it helps determine the liquidity and marketability of a company’s stock. A higher free float generally indicates greater liquidity, making it easier for investors to buy or sell shares without significantly affecting the stock’s price. Conversely, a lower free float can lead to price volatility, as large trades can have a more significant impact on the stock’s value.

Investors often consider the free float when evaluating the investment potential of a stock, as stocks with a larger free float tend to have more stable prices and are often preferred by institutional investors. It’s essential to use accurate and up-to-date information when calculating free float, as it can change due to events like insider transactions, stock issuances, or changes in trading restrictions.

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